Total has signed two Exploration and Production Agreements (EPAs) for Blocks 4 and 9, with the Lebanese Republic.
The EPAs were awarded as part of the 1st offshore licensing round, launched by the Lebanese government in 2017, to the consortium led by Total acting as operator (40%) and composed of ENI (40%) and Novatek (20%) as partners.
Both Blocks are located in water depths ranging from 1,400 to 1,800 meters knowing that Block 4 is central while Block 9 is in the southern part of the country.
As per an international tender, Tungsten Explorer drillship, owned by the company Vantage Drilling, was contracted to start the drilling activity in Block 4. The drillship reached Lebanese waters on 25 February 2020. Drilling activities have started in the Exclusive Economic Zone of Lebanon, for the drilling operations of the 1st exploration well on Block 4, located approximately 30 km offshore Beirut.
Exploration drilling in Block 4
The drilling is carried by a dynamically positioned drillship, unanchored to the sea bottom and through approximately 1,500 meters of water depth. The drilling activity is taking place 30 km North of Beirut. Scheduled to last approximately 60 days, the drilling phase aims at evaluating the possible presence of hydrocarbons.
Steps of offshore exploration drilling
An exploration well does not allow the production of hydrocarbons however, it verifies their presence and allow the collection of many essential information such as: pressure, temperature, permeability, composition of the geological layers and nature of the fluid within the rocks. The collected data during this stage will validate or not the presence of hydrocarbons. For more info, watch the video.
Previously several important steps have been performed to prepare the drilling activity. To know more, please check the videos below. To know more about Total group Exploration and Production activities in the world, kindly click here.
Interpretation of the seismic studies
Environmental base study